Today, 2 October, the UN Security Council voted in favor of Resolution 596, authorizing a multinational security support mission to Haiti. This includes, but is not limited to, support for combating illicit trafficking and diversion of arms and related material, additional training for the Haitian National Police, support for non-UN multinational force, or a possible peacekeeping operation, in the context of supporting a political settlement in Haiti.
Current reporting indicates that a multinational security force is unlikely to reach Haiti until January 2024. The security environment in the lead-up to, and during the initial stages of, a multinational force is likely to remain highly volatile. It is highly probable that gang coalitions, such as the G9 and GPEP, will be reinvigorated and begin angling for concessions with the Haitian government. In the past, gangs have leveraged large-scale violence to achieve their goals; and similar tactics are expected despite recent sanctions strategies.